Optimizing the Cropping Pattern in North Darfur State, Sudan

Author

By Adam Abdelrahman Abdalla, Mohmmed Alameen AbdelLatif.

Abstracts

: This study shed light on the constraints of increasing farm-income in the traditional rainfed sector of North Darfur State (NDS) through investigating the situation of crop production in Dar Elslam district. The study used linear programming (LP) technique in the data analysis. The results of data analysis showed that the basic models gave a cropping pattern different from the real farmers production plan. Groundnuts was the most profitable crop at the prevailing prices and productivity in season 2006/07. The basic models solution gave a profitable objective function while in reality the farmers gained a loss. Family labour and operating capital represented the main constraints of agricultural production in the study area. Application of recommended technologies, increasing output prices and lowering production costs gave high support to the farm income in the study area. In order to achieve agricultural development and farmers' food security in the study area, the study recommended supply of farmers with agricultural inputs especially seeds through repayment (in kind) after harvesting and support agricultural extension to be more efficient and effective in adoption of recommended improved technologies. Resolution of Darfur security problems in addition to solution and removal of all other problems facing agricultural production such as pests, marketing, desertification, drinking water, grazing …etc. are also essential

References

  • Amin, A.A., 2002. Evaluation of the role of nongovernmental organizations on agricultural development: A case study of food production project in Alfashir Province. M. Sc. (agric) Thesis. University of Khartoum, Sudan
  • Amin, A.A., 2008. The constraints agricultural development in the traditional rainfed sector in Sudan. Ph.D.{Agric.}Thesis. University of Science and Technology, Sudan
  • Brima, A.M., 2004. An economic analysis of forage and milk production in the Belgravia Farm, Sudan. M. Sc. (agric) Thesis. Sudan University of Science and Technology, Sudan
  • ITDG, 2000. Darfur Rural Livelihoods Program Document 1998-2000. ITS Darfur program, Alfashir. Johnson, A. C.Jr., Johnson, M.B.and Buse,R.C.{1987}.Econometrics;Basic and Applied. Mc Millian Publishing Company, New York and London
  • Hydromaster, 2005. Base line information. Part one. Integrated rural development study, Dar Elsla m area, North Darfur State. Tabarak Charity Organization, Khartoum
  • State Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Wealth and Irrigation, North Darfur State. Annual Reports {2001/02-2004/05}
  • Abdelaziz, H.H., 1999. Analysis of small private farm production system: A case study of the River Nile State Ph.D. (agric) Thesis. University of Khartoum, Sudan
  • Ahmed, A.T., 1988. An Agricultural sector model for the Northern region of Sudan to evaluate new faba beans technologies. Ph.D. (agric) Thesis. Purdue University
  • Ahmed, B.T., 2005. The determination of agricultural production and optimum cropping pattern in Northern State, Sudan. Ph.D. (agric) Thesis. University of Khartoum, Sudan
  • Elbadawi, A.E., 1990. Economics of sorghum production under irrigation : A case study of New Halfa Agricultural Production Corporation. M. Sc. (agric) Thesis. University of Khartoum, Sudan
  • Kalentiz, E., C. Batzios and M. Salampasis, 2003. Better decision making in the broiler industry by integrating Linear Programming into the Bro d e s s y s De c i s io n S u p p o r t Sys tem, h t t p : / / w w w 5 . g o o g l e . c o m / s e a r c h ? h l=en&sa=X&oi=spell&resnum=0&ct = result&cd =1&q=better+decision+making+in+the+broiler+in d u s t r y + b y + i n t e g r a t i n g + l i n e a r + programming+into&spell=
  • Elfeel, M.A., 1998. Base line survey of Umkdada area development scheme expansion phase. Ministry of Finance and Economic Planning and United Nations Development Programme. National execution management support Unit, area development scheme, Umkdada, Sudan
  • Mellor, J.W., 1966. The economics of agricultural development. Cornell University. Ithaca and London.State Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Wealth and Irrigation, North Darfur State {2001/02-2004/05}.Annual Re Repor ts of Agricultural Surveys. Department of Agricultural Planning, El Fashir

FULL Text